Frequently Asked Questions
What are reasonable accommodations?
A reasonable accommodation is always based on an individual’s documented need. Persons with similar disabilities may not require the same accommodations. According to the law, a reasonable accommodation cannot require an “undue hardship” on the college. In addition, the accommodation cannot require a fundamental alteration of any essential aspect of a program or activity. Any service that is personal in nature like a tutor or personal aide is not considered a reasonable accommodation in most cases.
The following is a sample list of accommodations that a student may be eligible to receive:
- Access to professor’s handouts, PowerPoint slides and/or lecture notes when available.
- Alternative Text
- Extended Test-Taking Time
- Reduced distraction environment in the Test Proctoring Center
- Sign-Language Interpreter
- Extended time on graded in-class assignments
How are appropriate accommodations for a student determined?
How do I refer a student to ODS?/How do I let students know about ODS?
In your syllabus, include the provided ADA statement explaining that students with disabilities needing accommodations in your class should connect with ODS. Including this information in your syllabus helps inform students, especially first-year students, about the ODS office and the appropriate process for requesting accommodations.
How do I know if a student requires accommodations?
What if a student discloses that they have a disability but doesn’t provide me with an accommodation letter?
What are my rights if a student wants to tape a lecture?
What is the process for accommodations for tests and exams?
Testing accommodations need to be approved by ODS and the student needs to put them in place with the instructor prior to the exams. The process is different, depending on how the test is being taken:
If the exam is taking place remotely, through Moodle, the instructor can extend the time of the exam to reflect what is in the student’s accommodation letter.
For tests that are taking place in the classroom, the student must take the test at the Test Proctoring Center. Both the student and the instructor have to complete separate Proctoring Request form at least 48 hours prior to the test/exam. Instructors can submit the Faculty Proctoring Request form here and can submit tests/exams electronically to firstname.lastname@example.org. It is suggested that the instructor advise the student that they must complete the Student Proctoring Request form, check their Keystone email for appointment confirmation and details, abide by all proctoring policies, and notify the Proctoring Center of any changes and cancellations. For more information please visit the Test Proctoring Center webpage.
Why do students need extra time on tests?
The use of extended time is the most frequently used accommodation for students with disabilities. The reasoning behind extended time for testing situations is to allow the student with a disability to have additional time to read and understand the questions. Students with learning disabilities may have difficulty with processing information. Students with ADHD or mental health issues may have difficulty concentrating. Some students need the test questions read to them which takes additional time. These students are given time and a half of the given classroom test time. A testing time other than the standard time and one half will be noted on the Accommodation Letter.
Why does an instructor have the responsibility to make reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities?
An instructor has the responsibility to make reasonable accommodations because accommodations make it possible for a student with a disability to overcome barriers enabling the student to communicate what he or she knows in the same way that glasses do not strengthen vision but help a person to see. The instructor also has a legal responsibility to provide appropriate accommodations. For more information go to the Americans With Disabilities Act as Amended website www.ada.gov.
Frank Ohotnicky, M.S.
Director of the Learning Center
Monday – Friday
8 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Hours subject to change)
Monday – Thursday
8 a.m. – 3:30 p.m.
Miller Library - Offices 309 – 310
Faculty Rights and Responsibilities
Below is a list of Faculty Rights and Responsibilities. For the list of Student and Disability Services Rights and Responsibilities, please follow the link here.
Faculty have the right to:
- Determine the content of each course and decide how best to instruct students and assess student learning.
- Maintain the academic standards and integrity of the course.
- Receive verification of a documented disability from a student in the form of an accommodation letter which is produced by Disability Services and given to the student.
- Expect students with disabilities to inform them of their accommodation needs in a timely manner.
- Consult with Disability Services to discuss students’ accommodation needs and question and negotiate alternative accommodations if the requested accommodations seem to violate the goals or essential requirements of a course.
- Be treated respectfully by all students and Disability Services staff.
Faculty have the responsibility to:
- Identify and establish the goals and essential requirements of the course and evaluate students on this basis.
- Maintain the same standards for students with disabilities as are applied to all other students.
- Inform students at the beginning of each semester of the procedures to arrange reasonable accommodations. The use of a syllabus statement and class announcements informing students of this process are strongly encouraged.
- Provide and arrange reasonable accommodations in a timely manner to students for whom faculty have received an accommodation letter from the student.
- Maintain student confidentiality by protecting the student’s identity and keeping disability-related information in a protected location.
- Consult with Disability Services and the student with a disability if the accommodations requested seem to violate the goals or essential requirements of a course.
- Understand the policies and laws regarding students with disabilities.
Test Proctoring Center
Information about the Test Proctoring Center can be found on the Test Proctoring Center website.
ADA Syllabus Statement
Please add the following to your course syllabus:
“Keystone College does not discriminate in any of its programs on the basis of disability. In order to receive consideration for reasonable accommodations, students are encouraged to voluntarily and confidentially disclose any disability requiring an accommodation prior to the beginning of class. This disclosure should be made to the Office of Disability Services at email@example.com or (570) 945-8988. Students who disclose a disability, and who are seeking an accommodation, will be expected to participate in an intake interview and provide documentation verifying the disability. In return, all students with verified requests will receive an accommodations letter which details their needs and should be shared with their instructors. For more information, visit the Disabilities Services webpage: http://www.keystone.edu/campus-life/disability-resources/”